I'll use use my Android Rafter Tools app and my Rafter Tools+ for iPhone app to check the calculations I come up with using geometry and trigonometry.

What are the Hip Rafter Lengths for the Bay Window Hip Rafters A & B & the Cripple Hip Rafter ?

What is the Miter & Edge Bevel Angles for the California Valley Rafter Sleeper?

For the Hip Rafter Length to the Ridge

[Decimal Inch] 177.25" ÷ cos (48.18968°) = 265.87497" FL

For the Jack Rafter Length Difference

[Decimal Inch] 24" x tan (48.18968°) = 26.83281"

For the Jack Rafter Spacing Marks on the Hip Rafter

[Decimal Inch] 24" ÷ cos (48.18968°) = 35.99999"

For the Purlin Mark on the Hip Rafter

Run To Purlin in Plan View ÷ cos (48.18968°) = Purlin Mark on the Hip Rafter

For the Cripple Hip Rafter Length TL

First calculate the hip rafter length for the 14'-8" run

[Decimal Inch] 178" ÷ cos (48.18968°) = 266.99999" TL

Next calculate the hip rafter length for the 16'-10 1/4" run

[Decimal Inch] 202.25" ÷ cos (48.18968°) = 303.37496" TL

Cripple Hip Rafter Length TL = 303.37496" - 266.99999" = 36.37506" TL

or use the common rafter runs to calculate the cripple hip rafter length

202.25 - 178 = 24.25" Run for the cripple hip rafter

24.25 ÷ cos (48.18968°) = 36.37499" TL

deduct the ridge thickness for both ridges, 0.75 + 0.75 = 1.5

24.25" - 1.5" ÷ cos (48.18968°) = 34.12499" FL

The Bay Window pop-out can be framed 5 or 6 different ways, with the hip rafters offset from the corner for an equal overhang, but with exposed frieze blocks it's easier to leave the Bay Window hip rafters centered on the 45° Bay Window pop-out walls. The Bay Window King Common Rafter Pitch is the same as the rest of the roof and has the same overhang run on the Bay Window Front Wall. Use the Span of the Bay Window to calculate the rise of the Bay Window roof. In this example the pitch is 6:12 and the Span is 10'-0", the offset is 24" and the Bay Window Front Wall Length is 72". First calculate the Bay Window plan angles. The eave angle is 135°.

Bay Window Plan Angles

Front Wall Plan Angle = arctan( 60" ÷ 36" ) = 59.03624°

Side Wall Plan Angle = 135° - 59.03624° = 75.96375°

Hip Rafter Slope Angle A & B

Hip Rafter Slope Angle = arctan (tan Common Rafter Pitch Angle × sin Plan Angle)

Hip Rafter Slope Angle = arctan (tan 26.56505° × sin 59.03624°) = 23.20706°

Roof Sheathing Angle = arctan (tan Plan Angle ÷ cos Common Rafter Slope Angle)

Roof Sheathing Angle = arctan (tan 59.03624° ÷ cos 26.56505°)

61.77948° = arctan (tan 59.03624° ÷ cos 26.56505°)

For the Common Rafter Length

[Decimal Inch] 36" x tan (61.77948°) = 67.08204" TL

For the Hip Rafter Length

[Decimal Inch] 36" ÷ cos (61.77948°) = 76.13146" TL

For the Hip Rafter Length To The Ridge

[Decimal Inch] 35.25" ÷ cos (61.77948°) = 74.54537" FL

For the Jack Rafter Length Difference

[Decimal Inch] 24" x tan (61.77948°) = 44.72135"

For the King Common Rafter Length

(Ridge Width x 0.5) x tan (Plan Angle) = Ridge Deduction in Plan View

(1.5 x 0.5) x tan (59.03624) = 1.25"

[Decimal Inch] 60" - 1.25" ÷ cos (26.56505°) = 65.68449" FL

For the Side Wall King Common Rafter Slope Angle

Side Wall Plan Angle = 75.96375°

Hip Rafter Slope Angle = 23.20706°

Side Wall Length = 24" ÷ cos( 45° ) = 33.94113"

Side Wall King Common Rafter Slope Angle = arctan (tan Hip-Valley Pitch Angle ÷ sin Plan Angle)

Side Wall King Common Rafter Slope Angle = arctan (tan 23.20706° ÷ sin 75.96375°) = 23.84263°

Side Wall King Common Rafter Run = (0.5 x Side Wall Length) x tan ( Plan Angle)

Side Wall King Common Rafter Run = 16.97056" x tan ( 75.96375°) = 67.88222"

Side Wall King Common Rafter Length = 67.88222" ÷ cos ( 23.84263°) = 74.21586" TL

To calculate the actual Framing Length of the Side Wall King Common Rafter you need to calculate the dimension from the edge of the hip rafter at the plate line to the center of the side Wall King Common Rafter Run.

Side Wall Roof Sheathing Angle = arctan (tan 75.96376° ÷ cos 23.84263°) = 77.11992°

Hip Rafter Width ÷ sin(75.96376°) = 1.54616

33.94113" - 1.54616" = 32.39496"

32.39496" ÷ 2 = 16.19748"

Side Wall King Common Rafter Length = 16.19748" x tan ( 77.11992°) = 70.83506" FL

For the Cheek Cuts on the Side Wall King Common Rafter

Side Wall King Common Plumb Line Shift

(Rafter Width x 0.5) x tan (Plan Angle)

0.75 x tan (75.96376°) = 3.00"

Mark the plumb cut on the rafter and measure perpendicular to the plumb line using the Plumb Line Shift dimension and mark the second plumb line on the side of the rafter. Set the saw blade bevel angle to the plan angle to cut the rafter from the side of the rafter. Or set your saw to 90° - plan angle to run the saw down the face of the rafter plumb cut.

The head cuts on the Bay Window hip rafters always present a problem with the cheek cut angles. Sometimes it's best to draw out the ridge connections full scale to transfer the shifted plumb lines to the sides of the hip rafter, so you can mark off the back bevel angles of the cheek cuts to determine the angles. Then there's the problem of the length of the hip rafter cheek cuts. I've use my swing table, 10" blade, to cut the cheek cuts or you can use a BigFoot or Beam Saw to cut the 3" to 4" long cheek cuts. Most of the time I'll cut the hip rafter cheek cut on the plumb face of the hip rafter. Set your saw to 90° - plan angle and cut the hip rafter down the face of the plumb cut.

Saw Blade Bevel Angle on Side Of Hip Rafter 59.03625°... plan angle

Saw Blade Bevel Angle on Face Of Hip Rafter 30.96376°... 90° - plan angle

Saw Blade Bevel Angle on Side Of Hip Rafter 64.0664°.... planing angle of the 2 hip rafters in plan view.

Saw Blade Bevel Angle on Face Of Hip Rafter 25.93360°... 90° - planning angle

The HAP at the foot of the hip rafter also presents a problem with the unequal heel heights on each side of the hip rafter for roof plane alignment, since we're not using hip rafter offset/shift at the foot of the hip rafter. Most of the time the heel height difference is less than an 1/8". So it best to use the front wall heel height for the roof plane alignment height.

For the California Bay Window Hip Rafter you need to install the valley sleeper first. The edge bevel of the valley sleeper can be found from using geometry.

Or you can use trigonometry.

Roof Sheathing Angle = arctan (tan 45° ÷ cos 26.56505°)

48.18968° = arctan (tan 45° ÷ cos 26.56505°)

Valley Sleeper Miter Angle at the Top of the Sleeper = Jack Rafter Side Cut Angle = 41.81031°

Valley Sleeper Miter Angle at the Foot of the Sleeper = Roof Sheathing Angle = 48.18968°

Valley Sleeper Saw Blade Bevel Angle = arctan(tan(90° - Main Roof Pitch°) x cos(Main Roof Sheathing Angle))

Valley Sleeper Saw Blade Bevel Angle = arctan(tan(90° - 26.56505°) x cos(48.18968°)) = 53.13010°

California Bay Window Hip Rafter Planning Point on Valley Sleeper. For the length of the California Bay Window Hip Rafter use my Rafter Tools app or pull out your tape measure and measure it.... Way too much math to explain here on the internet for this California Bay Window Hip Rafter length.

For the Purlin Miter & Back Bevel angles you can use geometry or trigonometry.

Example using geometry for the Purlin Miter angle. The Purlin Back Bevel Angle on the top edge of the purlin is the same as the Jack Rafter Side Cut angle. Or sometimes referred to as the top cut angle in Timber Framing.

Example using the geometry of a tetrahedron for the Purlin Miter angle, Purlin Back Bevel Angle and the Purlin Saw Blade Bevel Angle.

Example using Trigonometry to calculate the purlin miter & saw blade bevel angles.

Purlin Miter Angle = arctan( sin ( Pitch Angle ) ÷ tan( Plan Angle ))

Purlin Miter Angle = arctan( sin ( 26.56505 ) ÷ tan( 45 ))= 24.09484°

Purlin Saw Bevel Angle = arcsin( cos ( Pitch Angle ) x cos( Plan Angle ))

Purlin Saw Bevel Angle = arcsin( cos ( 26.56505 ) x cos( 45 )) = 39.23152°

The frieze block angles for frieze block #5 are the same as the purlin angles, because of the 90° eave angle and the equal pitched roof.

Purlin = Frieze Block = Square Tail Fascia = Crown Molding Angles

Frieze Block # 1 & 4

Purlin Miter Angle = arctan( sin ( 26.56505 ) ÷ tan( 59.03624° ))= 15.02025°

Purlin Saw Bevel Angle = arcsin( cos ( 26.56505 ) x cos( 59.03624° )) = 27.39866°

Frieze Block # 2 & 3

Purlin Miter Angle = arctan( sin ( 23.84263° ) ÷ tan( 75.96376°° ))= 5.77051°

Purlin Saw Bevel Angle = arcsin( cos ( 23.84263° ) x cos( 75.96376°° )) = 11.36991°

Dog leg valley run = overhang_run /cos(90-main_plan_angle)

Dog leg valley run = 24 /cos(90-59.03624) = 27.98857

Dog leg valley slope angle = atan(overhang_rise / Dog leg valley run)

Dog leg valley slope angle = atan(12 / 27.98857) = 23.20706

For the Purlin Lip Cut Angle

Purlin Lip Cut Angle = arctan( tan (Hip Rafter Backing Angle) x cos( Jack Rafter Side Cut Angle ))
Purlin Lip Cut Angle = arctan( tan ( 18.43495 ) x cos( 41.81032 )) = 13.95274°

The geometry for the purlin lip cut is the same as the purlin claw. The only difference is the height of the material above the purlin claw.

Purlin Claw

Hip Rafter Diamond Post Miter Angle = arctan( tan( hip rafter slope angle ) x cos (plan angle)) =14.03624°

Hip Rafter Diamond Post Saw Blade Bevel Angle = arctan( sin( Diamond Post Miter Angle ) x tan (Plan Angle))= 13.63302°

Jack Rafter Lengths

I like to calculate all of my Jack Rafter Lengths using the Roof Sheathing Angle. First you need to calculate the Hip Rafter Offset Along the Eave Line. With equal pitched roofs, on a 90° eave angle, the Hip Rafter Offset Along the Eave Line is the same dimension for all roof pitches.

.

Hip Width x cos (45°) = Hip Offset Along Eave Line

3.5" x cos (45°) = 2.4749"

Hip Offset Along Eave Line = 2.4749"

First Jack Rafter Length

Jack Rafter Spacing + (1/2 of Jack Rafter Width) - Hip Offset Along Eave Line = First Jack Rafter Run

First Jack Rafter Run x tan( Roof Sheathing Angle ) = First Jack Rafter Length

22.2751" x tan(48.18968°) = 24.9043"

Jack Rafter Length Deduction for Hip Rafter

Hip Offset Along Eave Line x tan(Roof Sheathing Angle) = Jack Rafter Length Deduction for Hip Rafter

Hip Offset Along Eave Line = 2.4749"

2.4749" x tan(48.18968°) = 2.7670"

Jack Rafter Length Deduction for Hip Rafter = 2.7670"

King Common Rafter Length = 199.0101" TL

King Common Rafter Length To Hip Rafters = 199.0101" - 2.7670" = 196.2431" FL

First Jack Rafter Length From King Common

23.25 x tan(48.18968°) = 25.9943"

196.2431" - 25.9943" = 170.2488" FL

Theoretical Length of Jack Rafter Slider "C"

Jack Rafter Run ÷ cos(Roof Slope Angle)

66" ÷ cos(26.56505°) = 73.79024" TL

Framing Length of Jack Rafter Slider (Doppelschifter )

Theoretical Length of Jack Rafter Slider - (Hip Rafter Deduction on Real Roof Surface x 2)

73.79024 - (2 x 2.7670") = 68.2563" FL for Slider "C"

Theoretical Length of Jack Rafter Slider D

Jack Rafter Run ÷ cos(Roof Slope Angle)

69.4359"" ÷ cos(26.56505°) = 77.63169" TL

Framing Length of Jack Rafter Slider

Theoretical Length of Jack Rafter Slider - (Hip Rafter Deduction on Real Roof Surface x 2)

77.63169 - (2 x 2.7670") = 72.09769" FL for Slider D

For the King Common Jack Rafter Length

Jack Rafter Slider Run ÷ cos ( Roof Slope Angle) = King Common Jack Rafter Length TL

66 ÷ cos(26.56505°) = 73.79024" TL

King Common Jack Rafter Length TL - Hip Rafter Deduction on Real Roof Surface

73.79024 - 2.7670" = 71.02324" FL

Jack Rafter Length Difference = 26.83281"

Jack Rafter "A" Length =

71.02324" - 26.83281" = 44.190432" FL

Using Geometry on the Real Roof Surface for the length of Jack Rafter "A"

For Jack Rafter "B"

For the King Common Jack Rafter Length

Jack Rafter Slider Run ÷ cos ( Roof Slope Angle) = King Common Jack Rafter Length TL

69.4359 ÷ cos(26.56505°) = 77.63169" TL

King Common Jack Rafter Length TL - Hip Rafter Deduction on Real Roof Surface

77.63169 - 2.7670" = 74.86469" FL

Jack Rafter "B" Length Trigonometry???

It's better to layout Jack Rafter B using geometry or layout the roof full scale.